Cymuned (translated in English as “community”, Welsh pronunciation: [kəˈmɨnɛd]) is a Welsh communities pressure group. Established in 2001, the group campaigns on behalf of local communities in Wales, particularly (but not exclusively) Welsh-speaking and rural ones, which it perceives to be under threat due to demographic change.
Cymuned has campaigned on issues of housing, incomers, and social justice, and describes itself as an anti-colonisation and anti-racist organisation.
Cymuned have orchestrated protests outside estate agents[1] in England that sell second homes in Wales to English people. They have also protested against the Welsh train company Arriva Trains Wales [2] for the lack of use of the Welsh language on its services, and the holiday agents Thomas Cook for banning the use of Welsh in its Bangor branch in 2007.
Critics argue estate agents are providing a commercial service to the Welsh people who contract them to sell or rent their property in return for market value and that the sharp rise in the cost of property in recent years is not confined to Wales but an international phenomenon of the growing world economy, however Cymuned argues that there is a need to create a secondary sustainable local housing market in rural Wales. A new campaign designed to ensure that a sustainable proportion of new homes should be for locals only is based on planning policy that has already been adopted in the Yorkshire Dales National Park,[3] as well as parts of Shropshire, Devon, the Peak District and the Lake District[citation needed].
Cymuned is also presently campaigning on behalf of the Rhostyllen community near Wrexham against plans by the National Trust to develop land next to the village for high-priced housing.
The chief executive of Cymuned is Aran Jones, who has learned Welsh as a second language. Other notable members include the poet and musician, Twm Morys (who won the chair at the 2003 national eisteddfod), Dr Simon Brooks, former editor of the Welsh language current affairs magazine Barn, Judith Humphreys, a Welsh actress and Dr Jerry Hunter, an American Harvard graduate who moved to Wales to learn Welsh and has remained in Wales ever since, working in academic posts at the University of Wales.
See also[edit]

Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg


^ on housing sales protests
^ on Arriva Trains protests
^ Guardian Unlimited (2005-01-20). “Dales park approves new homes sales only to locals”. The Guardian.

St Enoch subway station

St Enoch

St. Enoch Square, Glasgow

55°51′25″N 4°15′21″W / 55.85694°N 4.25583°W / 55.85694; -4.25583Coordinates: 55°51′25″N 4°15′21″W / 55.85694°N 4.25583°W / 55.85694; -4.25583

Operated by


Glasgow Central
Argyle Street


Structure type

Other information

Fare zone


1.796 [1] million annually enter/exit

St Enoch subway station is the first station on the north of the River Clyde on the Glasgow Subway. It is located in Glasgow city centre, Scotland. Although it does not have direct interchange with the main line railway, it is located approximately halfway between Glasgow Central station and Argyle Street railway station, within a few minutes’ walk to both. The station itself is accessible via St Enoch Square.
Usage of the entire subway in 2007/08 was 14.45 million passengers, increased from 13.14 million in 2005/06.[2]


1 The original building
2 The new building
3 Refurbishment (2010s)
4 References

The original building[edit]

Old-style (pre-2010s) St Enoch station entrance

Above ground, the original station building housed both a booking office and the headquarters of the original Glasgow District Subway Railway Company. This was (and is) the Subway’s most distinctive building – an ornate, Jacobean, late Victorian red sandstone structure; designed by James Miller in 1896. It still stands – it was carefully preserved during the modernisation of the Subway in 1977, even being jacked up in the air for a while, during reconstruction of the subsurface platforms.
The building was no longer used as a ticket office following the 1977-1980 modernisation; it became a travel information centre by SPT. The building became disused with the Travel Centre facilities being moved to the underground ticket hall in 2008. In December 2009, a Caffè Nero coffee shop was established in the building. It is now protected as a category A listed building.[3]
The new building[edit]

The former Subway station (now converted into a café), with the St Enoch Centre in the background.

The station is now entered through a pair of canopies, one on each side, and other than Buchanan Street, is the only station to feature a subterranean ticket hall. The station originally featured a single island platform, though this was replaced by a dual side platform layout during the modernisation pr

Automatic number announcement circuit

An automatic number announcement circuit (ANAC) is a component of a central office of a telephone company that provides a service to installation and service technicians to determine the telephone number of a line. The facility has a telephone number that may be called to listen to an automatic announcement that includes the caller’s telephone number.
The ANAC number is useful primarily during the installation of landline telephones to quickly identify one of multiple lines.


1 Operation

1.1 958 local test exchanges
1.2 Tollfree numbers

2 ANAC numbers

2.1 United States
2.2 US toll-free
2.3 Canada
2.4 United Kingdom
2.5 Ireland
2.6 Israel
2.7 Australia
2.8 New Zealand
2.9 South Africa

3 See also
4 References

A technician calls the local telephone number of the automatic number announcement service. This call is connected to equipment at a local central office that uses a voice synthesizer or digital samples to announce the telephone number of the line calling in. The main purpose of this system is to allow telephone company technicians to identify the telephone line they are connected to.
Automatic number announcement systems are based on automatic number identification, and meant for phone company technicians, the ANAC system works with unlisted numbers, numbers with caller ID blocking, and numbers with no outgoing calls allowed. Installers of multi-line business services where outgoing calls from all lines display the company’s main number on call display can use ANAC to identify a specific line in the system, even if CID displays every line as “line one”.
Some ANACs are very regional or local in scope, while others are state-/province- or area-code-wide: there appears to be no consistent national system for them. Most are provider-specific. Every telephone company, whether large or small, determines its own ANAC for each individual central office, which tends to perpetuate the current situation of a mess of overlapping and/or spotty areas of coverage.[1] No official lists of ANAC numbers are published as telephone companies believe overuse of these numbers could make them more likely to be busy when needed by installers.[2]
958 local test exchanges[edit]
Under the North American Numbering Plan, almost all North American area codes reserve telephone numbers beginning with 958 and 959 for internal local and long distance testing (respectively), sometimes called plant testing. (One exception is Winnipeg, which reserves

Carlos Rúa

Carlos Rúa

Personal information

Full name
Carlos Andrés Rúa Flores

Date of birth
(1992-05-21) 21 May 1992 (age 24)

1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)

Playing position

Club information

Current team

Llaneros F.C.

Senior career*


Spartaks Jūrmala

Salyut Belgorod

Spartak Nalchik


* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 17:46, 27 January 2014 (UTC).

Carlos Andrés Rúa Flores (born May 21, 1992) is a Colombian football midfielder who currently plays for Llaneros F.C..

External links[edit]

profile on
Carlos Rúa profile at Soccerway

This biographical article related to Colombian football is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.



Dorothy Wagner Puccinelli

Dorothy W. Puccinelli

Dorothy Wagner
(1901-12-19)December 19, 1901
San Antonio, Texas

May 24, 1974(1974-05-24) (aged 72)
Berkeley, California


Alma mater
California School of Fine Arts, Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design

WPA-era murals and paintings

Dorothy Puccinelli also known as Dorothy Puccinelli Cravath and Dorothy Wagner Puccinelli (born December 19, 1901 – died May 24, 1974)[1] was a Californian, WPA-era artist and muralist based in San Francisco.
Born as Dorothy Wagner on December 19, 1901 in San Antonio, Texas, at age five her family moved and settling in Half Moon Bay, California.[2] In 1919, she enrolled at the California School of Fine Arts and then continued in 1925 at the Rudolph Schaeffer School of Design in San Francisco to studied with Beniamino Bufano.[2][3]
Her first marriage was to artist Raymond Puccinelli which ended in divorce. In 1941, Dorothy married Austin Cravath (brother of artist Ruth Cravath) and together they had a daughter named Anne.[2][4]
In 1937 Puccinelli created a 6′ x 8′ tempera-on-canvas mural called Vacheros at the post office in Merced, California.[5][6] The mural was funded by the Treasury Section of Fine Arts.[5]
In 1939, Puccinelli worked with artist, Helen Katharine Forbes to paint the interior four panel murals of the Mother’s Building at the San Francisco Zoo.[7][8] The four murals depict a Noah’s Ark-theme with animals and were funded by Federal Art Project (FAP) and Works Progress Administration (WPA).[7][9] From 1978 until 2002 the Mother’s Building served as a gift shop for the zoo, the mural is now in need of restoration and the room is only used for special events.[10]

^ “Dorothy W. PUCCINELLI (1901–1974)”. California Art Research Archive. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ a b c “Dorothy Puccinelli”. AskArt. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ Dorothy Wagner Puccinelli and Raymond Puccinelli (PDF). 1937. 
^ Two San Francisco Artists and Their Contemporaries, 1920–1975 (PDF). Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley & The Bancroft Library. 1977. 
^ a b “Post Office: Puccinelli Mural”. Living New Deal. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ “California New Deal Art”. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ a b “San Francisco Zoo, Mother’s House Murals”. Living New Deal. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ “The Art Deco Preservation Awards”. Art Deco Society. Retrieved 2016-03-14. 
^ “Senate’s sti